Dân Biêu Joe Heck, Nevada, trả lơi ủng hộ:
Dân Biêu John Boehner, Ohio trả lời
On Mon, 10/3/11, Congressman John Boehner <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
From: Congressman John Boehner <email@example.com>
Subject: Re: WriteRep Responses
Date: Monday, October 3, 2011, 12:02 PM
Dear Vinh :
Thank you for contacting me regarding human rights in Vietnam. It is good to hear from you.
After communist North Vietnam’s victory over U.S.-backed South Vietnam in 1975, the United States and Vietnam had minimal relations until the mid-1990s. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1995, overlapping security and economic interests have led the two sides to begin to form a strategic partnership of sorts. In 2010, the Obama Administration indicated its intent to take relations to “the next level.”
Human rights are the biggest thorn in the side of the relationship. Vietnam is a one-party, authoritarian state ruled by the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP), which appears to be following a strategy of permitting most forms of personal and religious expression while selectively repressing individuals and organizations that it deems a threat to the party’s monopoly on power. Most observers argue that the government, which already had tightened restrictions on dissent and criticism since 2007, intensified its suppression in 2010.
Several Members of Congress have introduced bills which would attempt to find some solution to the human rights violations going on in Vietnam.
On January 5, 2011, Representative Ed Royce (R-CA) introduced H. Res. 16, which calls on the State Department to list the Socialist Republic of Vietnam as a ” Country of Particular Concern “(CPC) with respect to religious freedom, and condemns the ongoing violations of religious freedom in Vietnam, including the detention of religious leaders and the long-term imprisonment of individuals engaged in peaceful advocacy. It also calls on Vietnam to lift restrictions on religious freedom and implement necessary legal and political reforms to protect religious freedom. H. Res. 16 has been referred to the House Foreign Affairs Committee where it awaits consideration.
On that same day, Representative Royce also introduced H.R. 156, the Vietnam Human Rights Sanctions Act. H.R. 156 would direct the President to impose financial aid and immigration/entry sanctions on listed nationals of Vietnam who are complicit in human rights abuses committed against nationals of Vietnam and their family members, regardless of whether such abuses occurred in Vietnam; and to submit to Congress a publicly available list of individuals determined to be complicit in such human rights abuses. The legislation would also authorize the President to waive sanctions to comply with international agreements. Finally, it would terminate the sanctions if the President certifies to Congress that the government of Vietnam has released all political prisoners; ceased its practices of violence, detention, and abuse of citizens of Vietnam engaging in peaceful political activity; and conducted a transparent investigation into the killings, arrest, and abuse of such political activists and prosecuted those responsible. H.R. 156 has been referred to several House committees where it awaits consideration.
On April 7, 2011, Representative Chris Smith (R-NJ) introduced H.R. 1410, the Vietnam Human Rights Act of 2011. H.R. 1410 would prohibit U.S. nonhumanitarian assistance to the government of Vietnam in excess of Fiscal Year 2011 (FY11) amounts unless: (1) the federal government provides assistance, in addition to democracy building assistance under this Act, supporting human rights training, civil society building, and exchange programs between the Vietnamese National Assembly and Congress at levels commensurate with or exceeding any increases in nonhumanitarian assistance to Vietnam; and (2) the President certifies to Congress that the government of Vietnam has made substantial progress respecting political, media, and religious freedoms, minority rights, access to U.S. refugee programs, and actions to end trafficking in persons and the release of political prisoners. The legislation would also authorize the President to waive such requirements if increased U.S. nonhumanitarian assistance would promote the purposes of this Act or is otherwise in the U.S. national interest; and to provide U.S. assistance through appropriate nongovernmental organizations and the Human Rights Defenders Fund for the support of individuals and organizations to promote human rights in Vietnam. The bill would declare it is U.S. policy to take measures to overcome the jamming of Radio Free Asia by the government of Vietnam, and that educational and cultural exchange programs with Vietnam should pr omote progress toward democracy. H.R. 1410 would also declare it is U.S. policy to offer refugee resettlement to Vietnam nationals (including members of the Montagnard ethnic minority groups) who were eligible for the Humanitarian Resettlement program, the Orderly Departure program, the Resettlement Opportunities for Vietnamese Returnees program, the AmerasianHomecoming Act of 1988, or any other U.S. refugee program, but who were deemed ineligible for reasons of administrative error or who failed to apply because of circumstances beyond their control. H.R. 1410 has been referred to the House Foreign Affairs Committee where it awaits consideration.
On May 11, 2011, Representative Frank Wolf (R-VA) introduced H.R. 1856, the International Religious Freedom Act Amendments of 2011. H.R. 1856 would elevate the Ambassador At-Large for International Religious Freedom (IRF) to the office of the Secretary of State. Currently, the Ambassador is located within the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. The bill would provide the Ambassador with oversight and management authority of the IRF Office and other religiously-oriented positions and programs within the Department of State. H.R. 1856 would require the Secretary of State, in coordination with the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of the Treasury, and the U.S. Agency for International Development, to issue a report to Congress regarding the most efficient uses of foreign assistance in promoting religious freedom. The bill would require religious freedom training for every Foreign Service Officer, and states that the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) must be involved in such training. In addition, it would require the President, within 120 days after designating a country of particular concern for religious freedom, to transmit to Congress: (1) any identification of the agency or instrumentality and specific officials responsible for religious freedom violations; and (2) an evaluation of the actions taken by the President. H.R. 1856 would reauthorize the USCIRF until September 30, 2018. H.R. 1856 has been referred to several House committees where it awaits consideration.
Please rest assured that I will continue to monitor U.S. relations with Vietnam and keep your thoughts in mind as these bills move through the legislative process.
Thank you again for contacting me with your thoughts. Please don’t hesitate to inform me of your concerns in the future. To sign up for email updates, I invite you to visit my website at http://johnboehner.house.gov .
John A. Boehner ____________________________________________
Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren, CA trả lời:
On Thu, 10/6/11, Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
From: Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren <email@example.com>
Subject: Response from Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren
Date: Thursday, October 6, 2011, 11:41 AM
Dear Mr. Bui:
Thank you for contacting me regarding Vietnam and human rights. I appreciate the time you took to share your thoughts with me.
I’ve long been a supporter of human rights in Vietnam. I serve as a co-chair of the Congressional Vietnam Caucus. You’ll be pleased to know that I am an original co-sponsor of H. Res. 16, calling on the State Department to redesignate Vietnam as a “Country of Particular Concern.” I am also an original co-sponsor of the Vietnam Human Rights Act, and have also signed onto the International Religious Freedom Act Amendments. Please be assured that I will continue to stand with the people of Vietnam against their tyrannical government. I appreciate your advocacy on these issues.
Again, thanks for being in touch. If I may be of assistance to you or your family, please don’t hesitate to contact me.
Member of Congress
Please do not reply to this message, as this inbox is unattended.To contact me please visit http://lofgren.house.gov.If you need immediate help with a Federal Agency please call my San Jose Office at 408-271-8700.
Congressman Mike Pompeo, Kansas trả lời:
On Fri, 10/7/11, Congressman Mike Pompeo <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
From: Congressman Mike Pompeo <email@example.com>
Subject: Reply from Congressman Mike Pompeo
Date: Friday, October 7, 2011, 3:28 PM
Dear Ms. Cao:Thank you for contacting me regarding your support for civil liberties and democracy in Vietnam. I appreciate your taking the time to share your thoughts with me . Like you, I believe that the United States must continue working to foster stability and democracy around the globe.
As you are aware, Vietnam is a one-party, authoritarian state ruled by the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP). For the past several years, the VCP appears to have followed a strategy of permitting most forms of personal and religious expression while selectively repressing individuals and organizations that it deems a threat to the party’s monopoly on power. In a positive development, the gradual loosening of restrictions since economic reforms were launched in 1986 has opened the door for the Vietnamese to engage in private enterprise and has permitted most Vietnamese to observe the religion of their choice. While a moderately free press has begun to emerge in Vietnam, its criticism of the government is generally limited to issues like corruption, economic policy, nature conservation, and environmental pollution.
At the same time, the government has cracked down harshly on anti-government activity. Despite efforts to liberalize the media, the Government of Vietnam continues to restrict dissenters who do not share the party’s political and religious views. You should also know that Congress is actively working to address human rights abuses in Vietnam. On April 7 th , H.R. 1410, which prohibits the United States from providing non-humanitarian assistance to the Government of Vietnam unless they support substantive human rights training and civil-society building, was introduced into the House of Representatives.
The United States is the world’s leading advocate for human rights reforms, self-governance, peace, and prosperity. Be assured that I will continue working in Congress to bring liberty, peace, and security to the emerging democracies of the world so that the people of these countries may also enjoy their intrinsic human rights. As a member of the Congressional Human Rights Commission, these issues are of particular importance to me.
If you need additional assistance, please call on me or Caitlin Poling of my Washington, D.C. staff. It is an honor to serve the people of Kansas in the United States Congress.
Member of Congress
Dân Biêu Loretta Sanchez, California, trả lơi ủng hộ:
10046 Dakota Ave
Garden Grove, CA 92843-3159Dear Mr. Huynh,Thank you for contacting me regarding human rights in Vietnam. I appreciate the opportunity to respond to your concerns and provide you with a legislative update.As the co-chair of the Congressional Caucus on Vietnam, and a member of the Human Rights Caucus, I believe that the U.S. and international community must be committed to protecting human rights around the world, including in Vietnam.Some of the most troubling actions by the Government of Vietnam have been its treatment of religious leaders and disrespect for religious property in violation of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam’s provision that “the lawful property of individuals and organizations shall not be nationalized.” Despite reported progress in church openings and legal registrations of religious venues, the Government of Vietnam has continued to disregard religious rights. Unfortunately continued restrictions on freedom of religion in Vietnam did not stop the U.S. Department of State from taking Vietnam off of the Country of Particular Concern (CPC) list in November 2006. I firmly believe that Vietnam must be re-added to the CPC list.During my time in Congress, I have sent numerous letters to the Government of Vietnam expressing concerns about its unfair harassment and imprisonment of journalists, bloggers, lawyers, religious advocates and other human rights defenders. In the letters, I have explained that the Government of Vietnam violates an individual’s right to freedom of speech and expression, a contradiction of the stated commitment to respect human rights and the rule of law.I will continue to tirelessly advocate for human rights in Vietnam until real change is realized and the Government of Vietnam’s repressive policies of political and religious persecution end. In addition, I will continue to bring awareness of the abuses taking place in Vietnam and urge my colleagues in Congress to address the human rights violations of the Government of Vietnam as we consider policy affecting the relationship of the United States with Vietnam. Most importantly, I will continue to support brave individuals advocating for democracy inside Vietnam.Throughout my legislative career, I have led the fight to help working families by improving our schools, reducing crime, protecting our seniors, safeguarding our environment, and lowering the tax burden on the middle class. I will continue to fight for these and other issues that affect our district.Once again, thank you for sharing your views on this issue with me. If you have any further questions about this or any other matter, please do not hesitate to contact me.Sincerely,Rep. Loretta Sanchez
Member of Congress